How can monitoring DFS Replication in Windows Server 2012

DFS Replication it's a great feauture to use it in your File Servers and Replicate them in LAN or WAN. Why not  include this technology in your Disaster Recovery Plan ?

Today I will describe how can monitoring Health Status of DFS Replication , files that are replicated or not and what are supported limits of DFS Replication.

If you thinking to go with Windows Server 2016 you can find out the new articles 


So let's s start !!

Supported limits of DFS Replication

Base on Microsoft in for the Windows Server 2012 R2 the limits are:

  • Size of all replicated files on a server: 100 terabytes.
  • Number of replicated files on a volume: 70 million.
  • Maximum file size: 250 gigabytes.

So if you have File Server with more than the below guideline then it's better to use another solution for your Replication.

Hornet Security


How to Check DFS Replication Status

It's very important to keep DFS Replication healthy and avoid unexpected Replications.

Find out how can follow Best Practices in File Servers that use DFS Replication

After create Replication how can check Health and effectively of your Replications in Member Servers?  Follow the steps to create Reports that can give you important information's of DFS Replication 

  • Open DFS Management.
  • Expand Replication and Select the Group that you want to create the Report.
  • From the right side click Create Diagnostic Report.

  • Select the first option Health Report and click Next.

  • Select the path that you want to extract the Report or leave the Default. Click Next.

  • All the Server are in Include Members. If you want to create Diagnostic Report for specific Server select the Server and click Remove. Click Next.

  • I will leave the option Yes, count backlogged files in this Report. Be carefully with the Reference Member. Must be the Server that has the most update files. Click Next.

  • Just a review of your settings. Click Create and wait until finish the Report.

  • When the report finish will open an Internet Explorer with the Results. Or go in C:\DfsReports (Default Path) or in any other Path if has change it while run the Wizard.
  • Now what we have here.

After some info like Replication Group, Reference Member and more it has interesting results like


Here you can see a simple explanation of the Errors


Here you can see a simple explanation of the Warnings


If any Server is Unavailable in the Specific Report.


Detail Explanation of Errors and Warnings that found per Server.


  • Expand the ERRORS to see in which Server has Errors  and click View Server Details.
  • The most important info are in SERVER DETAILS because include all the info from the above Options and details for every ERROR or WARNING.
  • Expand SERVER DETAILS and the Server Name which has Errors.
  • As we can see here in my Report i have some sharing violations for 176 files in 1 folder. 
  • If you Expand the ... Replicated Folder you can see the first 100 Files that hasn't Replicated because of sharing Violations.

  • With the same way you can check and the WARNINGS.

Health Report include some good info for the Replications but it's not the Report that can cover you if you would like to know exactly what's going on. 

In the following section i will explain suggested ways that can use for better controlling and monitoring in DFS Replication.

Monitoring files that are replicated or not

  1. Health Report

As explain in previous Section with Health Reports you can get ERRORS and WARNINGS for the Replication between Members. Read the previous section <<Check Health Status of DFS Replication>> to understand how can use it.

  1. Backlog Files Report

If you would like to get a Report only for the Files that aren't replicated you can use the following command in Powershell 

Get-DfsrBacklog -GroupName "GroupName" -FolderName "FolderName" -SourceComputerName "SourceComputerName" -DestinationComputerName "DestinationComputerName" –Verbose

This will be the Output with lot of details that can use to resolve replication issues.

Or go in to find more details.

  1. Use the Event Logs to identify Warnings and Errors .

Logs files of DFS Replication can find it in Application and Services Logs. If you expand it you can see specific file for Logs of DFS Replication. There find general Errors of Staging , Communication between Member Servers, when Replication start and stop but you can't see errors for Files that aren't Replicated.


These are some of the recommended ways to use and identify different problem of DFS Replication. Unfortunately Microsoft don't has a good Monitoring or Report Solution for DFS. But if you use these ways you can have a good feedback for what is going on in your DF Replication.

Are you looking for more in Monitiroing Solutions?

Let's take a look in some of my Articles 

Monitoring Domain Controller Health Status with PowerShell

How to use Resource Metering in HYPERV . What is Resource Metering ? A feature that was introduced in Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V that isn’t immediately obvious and is driven by using Windows PowerShell.

Server Manager Performance Alerts in Windows Server 2012

CIM Instead of WMI to discover monitor info


Have a nice Weekend!!

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